It’s a confusing mess out there. There are hundreds of skin care products, and each has a specific purpose for every condition under the sun. It seems like every month there is a new product that does something better than every other product can do that has ever existed…ever. While advances in skin care technology is great, there are some basics that you just can’t rid of. No matter how advanced we get, you’re always going to have to wash your face, right? We get so caught up in the new, cool stuff that we forget the ABC’s of good skin care. So, what are the basics? Read on to find out.
Step Zero: Know Your Skin
Before we can talk about building your basic personal skin care routine, you need to figure out what kind of skin you have. There are five different types of skin. There is normal, combination, oily, dry, and sensitive. Creating your routine starts with knowing which one you have.
Your skin is so amazing that it causes others to weep upon the mere sight of your glowing, radiant skin. No matter what you do, your skin is just perfect. It’s never too oily, never too dry, and never irritated. Yeah, the rest of us secretly hate you.
Oily skin is most common in teens and young adults. It can continue into middle-age, but usually in the form of combination skin. It can also reappear around menopause, which causes a hormonal imbalance much like puberty. You can test whether your skin is oily by taking a tissue and pressing it against your forehead. If it sticks, then you’ve most likely got oily skin. You also probably have problems with acne.
This is the most common skin type. Most mid-age adults have combination skin, though it is possible to have at any age. This is when you have both oily, and dry skin. Your T-Zone (forehead, nose, and possibly chin) is oily, while your U-Zone (cheeks and possibly chin) is dry.
As we age, our skin matures from oily to dry. Most mature adults have dry skin. However, there are other factors that can give you dry skin at any age; things like like cold, dry weather, as well as the frequent use of soaps/detergents. If your skin is dry, then it most likely cracks and flakes.
Sensitive skin is usually the result of an allergy. It seems like anything that you put on your skin irritates it. If your skin is constantly red, and itching, when you put products on it, then it is most likely sensitive. You probably also have one of the other skin types, since sensitive skin is more of an allergy than a skin type.
Step 1: Cleanse
Now that you know what type of skin you have, the first step in your basic routine is to cleanse your skin. No matter what your skin type is, it is important to cleanse your skin only once a day, not use harsh soaps, and pat (not rub) your skin dry. However, there are some differences.
Just do anything you want with your perfect skin.
Either use an oil-free soap, or a soap that contains oils high in linoleic acid (like Kaiya Naturals Higher Power Face Wash).
After patting your skin dry, use a toner to help unclog pores. We make three different toners for this purpose, and you can find them here.
Once a week, after cleansing, use a mud mask with bentonite clay to help unclog pores. You can find one here.
Treat your T-Zone as would oily skin. Either use an oil-free soap, or a soap that contains oils high in linoleic acid. Afterwards, use a toner on your T-Zone to help unclog pores. Once a week use a mud mask with bentonite clay on your T-Zone to further help unclog pores.
Treat your U-Zone as you would dry skin. Wash with a gentle soap that doesn’t contain any alcohol, and rinse with water as cold as you can handle. Exfoliate your U-Zone once a week with a salt scrub to remove flaky skin cells.
Use a gentle soap that doesn’t contain any alcohol. Alcohol can further dry out your skin. Rinse with water as cold as you can handle. Hot water can strip your skin of essential oils and also dry it our even more. Exfoliate your skin once a week with a salt scrub to remove flaky skin cells.
Use a gentle soap with no alcohol, acids, or fragrance. Look for soaps that contain calming ingredients like aloe or chamomile. Also, the less ingredients the better, because there is less that could possibly irritate your skin.
Step 2: Moisturize
No matter what skin type you have, you should moisturize after cleansing, toning, exfoliating, or using a mask on your skin. Yes, even oily skin needs to be hydrated. However, the different skin types have different needs.
Again, do whatever you want. Your skin can handle anything.
It is a common misconception that those with oily skin should use an oil-free moisturizer. If you have oily skin, then you should use a light moisturizer made with oils high in linoleic acid. The Kaiya Naturals Seedalina Moisturizer is designed for exactly this.
Use a light moisturizer with oils high in linoleic acid on your T-Zone, and a heavy moisturizer on your U-Zone.
Use a heavy moisturizer to lock in moisture. The Kaiya Naturals Chickie Gold Moisturizer was made for this.
Use a moisturizer made with calming ingredients like aloe and chamomile. The less ingredients the better. The Kaiya Naturals White Petal Aloe Moisturizer was designed for just this.
Step 3: Apply Sunscreen
No matter your skin type you should apply sunscreen to preventatively protect your skin from the sun. Even if your moisturizer contains sunscreen you should still use a separate product that is specifically designed for this. You should use at least an SPF 30.
The Take Away
No matter what you use to keep your skin healthy and beautiful, everyone should have a basic skin care routine that includes cleansing, moisturizing, and sunscreen. Just be sure to personalize your basic routine to your skin type.
If there is anything that you would like me to talk about feel free to reach out to me either here, via email: firstname.lastname@example.org, on twitter @kaiyanaturals, or on Facebook @kaiyanaturals. Also please, please, please share or comment on this article. Seriously, I’d love to hear your feedback in the comment section below.
These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. For educational purposes only.